The events of 23rd June 2016 must kick-start a national conversation aimed at understanding why there are such deep divides in our nation. How can it be that two halves of the UK see their country so completely differently? More importantly, what can be done about it? This research brings many of the well-known Brexit themes, such as a concern about immigration, a desire for sovereignty, and community alienation, to the fore. It reveals a huge swathe of British society who are concerned about their wages, the security of their home, and access to public services.

In the view of the CSJ, the vote was a cri de cœur from millions of people who feel Westminster no longer knows, or even cares, how it feels to walk in their shoes. Poorer, less-well educated voters, voters not in work, voters living in council and social housing, and those dependent on a state pension, were more likely to back Leave than not. At every level of earning there is a direct correlation between household income and your likelihood to vote for leaving the EU. In short, the people with little or nothing to lose – as they saw it – backed Leave. The referendum result itself has given a voice to many of those who may have felt disenfranchised, and seeing their will enacted can bring them hope of a stake in the future.

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