Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism

This report from UK think tank EPICENTER looks at the adoption of a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM).

The EU Commission launched a public consultation on the adoption of a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM), i.e. a fee to be levied on imported goods. A CBAM aims to reflect their carbon content and level the playing field with domestic producers of the same goods, who pay for the carbon they emit. A CBAM might be a substitute for, not a complement to, the current policies to counter carbon leakage, such as the distribution of free allowances as well as discounts on the cost of energy for energy-intensive, trade-exposed industries. In principle, a CBAM is an effective policy to limit trade distortions in a world where some countries (such as the EU member states) regulate carbon, while many others do not. However, CBAMs in the real world require many simplifications and assumptions, to become feasible from an economic and administrative point of view. An imperfect CBAM may or may not be a better option than the existing tools to address trade distortions. It all depends on the design.

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