December 5, 2018
By Nicolas Marques; Cécile Philippe; Caio Zanforlin
13 December marks Credit Day across the European Union. This is the day when, on average, European countries’ central governments exhaust their annual tax revenue and start relying on borrowed money to fulfil their functions – 18 days before the end of the year. According to a study by the Institut Économique Molinari, this is 7 days later than last year, which is a substantial improvement. Out of the 28 EU member states, 9 managed to achieve a budget surplus. 13 countries spent their annual tax revenue by December, while 6 had already done so by November. Out of all countries surveyed, Poland exhausted its revenues first, on November 10. Malta, on the other hand, was able to rely on 2017 revenues all the way to February 4 the following year. The data on individual countries reveals a more mixed picture. While some countries – such as Germany and Sweden – managed to save some of their tax revenue all the way into the following year, others, like Romania and France, had to start borrowing by November.