This report by the UK think tank Bright Blue, the independent think tank for liberal conservatism, looks to understand and measure social integration in England.
The report proposes and studies a new measure of social integration based on levels of neighbourhood trust in ethnically diverse areas. The report is based on independent statistical analysis of the 2009-10 and 2010-11 Citizenship Survey, the 2011 Census and the 2015 Indices of Deprivation, as well as further analysis of the Index of Dissimilarity and the Index of Ethnic Diversity. This report is unique in three key ways. First, the report predicts levels of neighbourhood trust for every local authority (LA) in England. Second, the report identifies the individual-level and local-level factors which explain why neighbourhood trust levels vary across England. Finally, it identifies the most socially integrated local authorities of England, drawing on our proposed new measure of social integration. The results show significant variation in predicted levels of neighbourhood trust among LAs across England. The results show the proportion of individuals that are predicted to trust most of their neighbours in each LA. The top ten local authorities with the lowest levels of neighbourhood trust in England are all in London.Read Full Report