This report from UK think tank the Institute for Government looks at what the UK can learn from overseas in the energy sector.
The UK has made some significant gains in the energy sector in recent years. The growth of the offshore wind industry is widely seen as a national success story, and coal has been virtually eliminated from the power sector. However, even greater ambition is needed in the next decade and beyond, particularly in decarbonising the heating and transport systems. Meeting the UK’s climate obligations while keeping prices stable, combating fuel poverty and maintaining a secure energy supply will require highly effective policy making. This report examines the UK’s energy policy making process, and focuses on how well policy makers access and use evidence to inform their work. It assesses the UK’s strengths and weaknesses, and takes a comparative look at energy policy making in four other countries: Germany, France, the Netherlands and Canada. The report finishes with a series of recommendations on how government can improve its access to and use of evidence when designing energy policies.
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