This report from UK think tank the Centre for European Reform looks at
At the end of 2021, the European Parliament agreed on its preferred version of the Digital Markets Act (DMA), a set of new rules to improve competition online. The DMA is part of the EU’s plan to tame the power of big tech firms like Google and Facebook in Europe, and part of a worldwide trend towards stricter competition rules for technology companies. After years of lengthy competition cases against big tech, the EU law-making institutions want to finalise the DMA quickly. They have designed the DMA as a blunt tool, which will rapidly force digital giants to change their business practices. But the DMA continues to have many critics, including several of the world’s largest tech companies. In this Centre for European Reform policy brief, ‘No pain, no gain? The Digital Markets Act’, senior research fellow Zach Meyers assesses two criticisms these companies have levied against the DMA: that it will reduce innovation in the long term, and worsen services in the short term.
The author concludes that these criticisms have partial merit and should be carefully considered by EU law-makers:
The paper concludes that the DMA’s approach of setting a single set of rules for a diverse set of companies is understandable. This approach risks unintended consequences, however, which could lead to pressure to roll back the DMA. EU law-makers should empower the European Commission with more flexibility, to help limit these consequences.Read Full Report