The rocky road ahead for the Franco-German reform drive of the EU

The briefing argues that it is increasingly unlikely that Franco-German cooperation on EU reform will live up to the high expectations that have developed since Macron’s election in June last year. Part of this is due to the lack of a coherent German response to the proposals delivered by France. But smaller states have also grouped together in opposition to a new integrationist push led by the Franco-German duo – the so called Franco-German motor. Continued political instability in other parts of the EU, such as Italy, signals further stumbling blocks. While there are few easy wins up for grabs, progress on a couple of key reforms remains likely. This briefing maps them out in detail. Where have Paris and Berlin found common positions, which proposals are backed by a majority of member states, and what reforms are off the table already?

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