Clean power by 2030: How could a Labour government achieve its mission for power sector decarbonisation?

Think tank: Institute for Government

Author(s): Rosa Hodgkin

June 28, 2024

This report from UK think tank the Institute for Government will examine how Keir Starmer can knock down the 10 biggest barriers to Labour’s 2030 clean power plan.

If elected a Labour government will face 10 major barriers to hitting its 2030 clean power target – and needs a plan for week one, month one and its first 100 days in power to overcome them.

Should Labour be returned to power for the first time in 14 years what it says and does in its first days in government will be critical to meeting its clean power target. Keir Starmer, as prime minister, will need to immediately set out how he will deliver his commitment to ‘clean power by 2030’.

Major barriers include lack of grid capacity, stretched supply chains, shortages of skilled workers, insufficient public engagement, and a need to make the planning system work much faster if energy targets are going to be hit. This last point is key: average waits to get consent for ‘nationally significant infrastructure’ increased from 2.6 to 4.2 years between 2012 and 2023.