Social protection and informal job market reform for tackling climate migration nexus

Think tank: IIED

Author(s): Various Authors

September 30, 2022

This report from UK think tank IIED looks at two diverse communities in India and how crises push them towards distress migration.

By 2050, water stress, sea-level rise and crop failure from climate change may displace 31–72 million people across sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Latin America. Distress migration generates grave socioeconomic consequences — both for migrants and the families they leave behind. Through regression analysis and case studies, this paper explores how climate impacts, lack of social protection and marginalisation push households in two diverse communities in India towards distress migration. It then recommends how to strengthen social protection programmes and informal job market regulations to support communities before, during and after migration.